Democratic Party Iranian Kurdistan
The Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDKI) was founded in the city of Mahabad in Iranian Kurdistan on August 16, 1945. Three years earlier, the founding members of the PDKI had established an organization called Komalay Ziyanaway Kurd (The Society for Kurdish Resurrection).
The formation of the Democratic Party was a response to the historic imperatives of the time, the existence of a democratic and revolutionary organization with a clear goal, PDKI was and an organization that was able to lead the Kurdish people's liberation movement towards a democratic and progressive way, and at the same time linking the national-democratic movement of Kurdistan and the Iranian national movement, and trying to establish a political entity for Kurdistan.
The biggest achievement of the struggle of the PDKI at that time was the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Kurdistan led by the Qazi Mohammad, even after its occupation by the Iranian Shah dictatorship, could not stop the national struggle of the PDKI.
After the fall of the Republic, many of the PDKI leaders and members were arrested and executed by the Iranian monarchy government
During this period , some of the first leaders of the PDKI began a unequal struggles against the Shah regime in Iran's that lasted for 18 months , an act that disturbed the peaceful island of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in Iran and the region , and the world saw the Kurdish people struggles with / on the freedom and democratic .
The PDKI has always been proven to be struggling to uphold the national democratic rights of the Kurdish people, with all of obstacles, difficulties, defeats and victories, PDKI have always raised theirs democratic flag at the even in the darkest moments of the struggles.
Iranian Islamic Revolution 1979
At the time as the national minorities protests started against the Iranian monarchy, the leaders of the PDKI committed themselves to performing two important tasks. First: encouraging the people of Kurdistan to have a passionate presence in the Iranian revolution and preparing for a full revolution against the Pahlavi regime, and secondly: establishing organizational structure of members and supporters of the party, despite the serious problems they succeeded in implementing it.
On the 02 March, 57, only nineteen days after the victory of the Iranian people's revolution, PDKI held its first public announcement in Mahabad stadium, with the presence of more than a hundred thousand Kurdish citizens from all Kurdish regions, and that solidarity and unity between the Kurds, had already frightened the newly arrived Khomeini's government.
at the first Democratic Party of Kurdistan of Iran, raised the demands of the Kurds to the new regime of the Islamic Republic with a peaceful manner, but such demands were not acceptable by the authorities of the Islamic state and even denied the existence of the Kurdish people in Iran and did not recognized the Kurds.
After the Islamic Republic's response to the nation's fundamental demands, PDKI urges the Kurds to boycott the (undemocratic referendum 31 March 1979) on creating an Islamic Republic in Iran, and asked the people of Kurdistan not to vote for a system that has not been experienced so far. As a result the Revolutionary Guard marched on the Kurd-held town of Paveh, falling into a major ambush. The defeat prompted Khomeini to approach the heads of the army and the government. The new Iranian Islamic leadership had little patience for Kurdish requests and opted for crushing unrest through military means. As a result, Khomeini the new religious leader of Iran, declared a jihad (holy war) and a fatwa (religious edict) against the Iranian Kurds and the Kurdish nationalist figures were declared ``enemies of the state``
In 1966 and at the Sixth Congress, the ideology of ``democratic socialism`` was approved by Congressional Members, as the ultimate goal of the Democratic Party.
Also , with the dedication and diligence of Dr. Qasimlo , During the 20th Congress of the Socialist International , held at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York City (9-11 September 1996 ) , the PDKI became a permanent member of this international organization .
History of the PDKI's struggles is full of sacrifice and resistance for achieving the national and legitimate rights of the Kurdish people. Many of the Kurdish youths joined the PDKI to defend their nation, and joined the ranks of the freedom fighters and after the revolution many young and patriotic women and freedoms fighters martyred by the Iranian ruthless Islamic regime.
In fact the history of the PDKI is the history of the Kurdish nation struggles in Iran, which has been fighting for nearly seven decades for the liberation, equality and the rights of the Kurds, a struggle that thousands of people have lost their lives to achieve.
Leaders like Qazi Muhammad, Dr. Qasimlo and Dr. Sherafkandi are among the martyrs of Kurdistan.
Dr. Qasimlo, the Secretary-General of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran, was assassinated and on July 13, 1989 by the Iranian delegations in the Vienna, on negotiating table with representatives (agents) of the Islamic Republic.
On 19 July the PDKI announces that then Deputy Secretary-General, Dr. Sadegh Sharafkandi, becomes the new Secretary-General. (Dr. Sharafkandi was assassinated too on 17 September, 1992 by Iranian agents in Berlin.)
In order to establish a democratic system than the ``Islamic republic``, a democratic state where the human dignity and the rights of citizens, without any discrimination, as well as the national and political demands being respected, we have been fighting and sacrificing for nearly seven decades, and thousands have lost their live and will stand, to the end and never rest until we achieve our goals.
The Democratic Party of Kurdistan, in pursuit of its goals, uses all the ways and means of struggle, and at the same time, has a deep faith in peace and reconciliation to achieve these goals.
Gender equality in the family and in society is also the fundamental beliefs of the PDKI, and the realization of such rights is the beginning of an equity and unified society.
In the Middle East is home of different nationalities, races, religions and cultures, without realizing the Kurdish problem within the countries where the Kurds live, there will be no real peace, and all nations must have their equal rights and freedoms.
PDKI has managed to hold 15 congresses by 2012, and has always followed the principles of ``democracy`` and ``change`` in all of the organizations within the party.